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The Whole Foods Kosher kitchen

Gluten-Free Bread and Challah Rolls Recipe

Posted on 7th of September, 2011 by Lévana


Gluten-free Bread and Challah: Since there seems to be an inexhaustible demand for it, here’s my two cents.

There’s no way commercial gluten-free bread offerings will hold a candle to your homemade gluten-free bread preparation, made with much more valuable ingredients than the  insipid and nutritionally worthless ingredients contained in most commercial gluten-free bread offerings (who needs them?). So this is not just gluten-free bread, but delicious and nutritious as well.

This gluten-free bread recipe is quite elastic, and might well be the solution to your gluten-free bread cravings. This is quite a place to include some super foods ingredients your children might resist if they were offered in recognizable forms. Here’s all I ask if you want to pull this off perfectly: Don’t shape the dough into loaves. Rather, shape into rolls. There will be much less room to end up with a dried-out bread.

There’s plenty of room to explore with quality gluten-free flours.  Here I go all out with the wonderful gamut of flour, only the best: Oat flour is especially delicious and hearty; almond flour, coconut flour, rice flour, fine cornmeal etc…. Teff flour and Buckwheat flour will be good but extra dark and extra pungent, I would say use them in combination with the more delicately flavored flours just mentioned. Also, whatever flour combination you end up with, be sure to include the tapioca, as it is a great emulsifier.

If you intend to explore with gluten-free baking more often, I urge you to look into Xanthan Gum: An emulsifier that will do in great part the job the gluten won’t be doing. Easy to use, dependable and widely available in health-foods stores and online. You will do much better making your own Gluten-free bread flour mixture: Explore, mix and match with different gluten-free bread flours, taking good note as you go along, then when you arrive at the perfect keeper, make a large batch of your very own favorite delicious nutritious Gluten-Free Bread flour for future gluten-free bread batches.

The addition of flax meal is optional, but makes this bread much more nutritious and more deeply flavored and satisfying. Likewise, replace some or even all of the warm water with warm milk or dairy-free milk (or part coconut milk)

This is a nice large batch, enjoy it now and freeze the rest, sealed very tightly,  for later.

This gluten-free bread recipe needs only a little tweaking to adapt to gluten-free challah. Scroll down for instructions!

Attention fellow frequent Gluten-Free bakers friends: Gluten-free flours can err on the expensive side in health food stores. Explore online, and do as I do: Order 5-pound containers of any gluten-free flour at a much more reasonable price. You will do much better making your own Gluten-free bread flour mixture: Explore, mix and match with different gluten-free bread flours, taking good note as you go along, then when you arrive at the perfect keeper, make a large batch of your very own favorite delicious nutritious Gluten-Free Bread flour for future gluten-free bread batches.



6 ½ cups warm water (or part milk or dairy-free milk)

2 tablespoons dry yeast

1/4 cup sugar, agave or honey

10 cups gluten-free flour, packed, alone or in any combination (oat, rice, millet, quinoa etc… If you are using almond, coconut, cornmeal, buckwheat or teff flour: use in combination with the first flours mentioned)

2 cups tapioca flour

3/4 cup flax meal (health food stores) optional

1 cup olive oil, vegetable oil, or coconut oil

1/4 cup xanthan gum

2 tablespoons salt


Preheat the oven to 350°F. Mix the water, yeast, and sugar in a bowl and let the mixture foam. Add all remaining ingredients and knead 1 to 2 minutes. Let the mixture rest about 30 minutes.

Shape small rolls and place on  cookie sheets lined with foil or parchment (you will get about 3-4 dozen) or in muffin molds. Bake, one sheet at a time, about 30 minutes, until golden.

Again, you will do much better making rolls than making a whole challah, since this dough will not rise. Same dough as above, with 3 eggs added, 2 more cups GF flour, a little more oil, and a little more sugar or honey, to taste. Brush with egg wash, and top with sesame or poppy seeds if desired.

Photo via

Filed under: Almond Flour Recipes, Bread Recipes, Coconut Flour Recipes, Coconut Milk Recipes, Coconut Oil Recipes, Cornmeal Recipes, Flax Meal Recipes, Gluten-Free Bread Recipes, Gluten-Free Challah Rolls Recipes, Gluten-Free Grain Recipes, Kosher Recipes, Recipes, Tapioca Recipes, Xanthan Gum

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20 Questions

  1. Melanie, on Said:

    Hi Levana,
    Would you be able to share the exact amounts of each of the GF flours that you use in this recipe, to equal 10 cups GF flour.
    I know that finding the right amount and the right blends of GF flours is truly the key to a yummy end product. Thanks a ton! Melanie

    • Lévana, on Said:

      Melanie, I change the flours and the amounts of each flour all the time, according to what I have on hand. But I can tell you that some of my favorites are: Almond flour and oat flour. Fantastic flavor and light texture. Coconut flour is great too. And just as I instruct you in my recipe, tapioca flour is always present no matter what the other flours are, this is why I single it out.

  2. rose, on Said:

    Is the lead picture your Gluten free rolls or are those standard wheat/bread rolls? If they are gluten free will you please give the measurements of each flour you used? If not, will you please list your favorite combination of gluten free flours and how much of each you use?
    Thank you!

    • Lévana, on Said:

      Rose I am constantly tinkering with amounts. My honest opinion is, GF rolls come out this nice (as in the picture) only when there are more eggs, oil, honey etc… than I like. I am always prepared to end up with a more plebeian look in exchange for nutritious and delicious bread rolls. So for example, this week I made GF Challah rolls using: 8 cups oat flour, 2 cups almond flour, 2 cups coconut flour, 2 cups tapioca flour. The flavor was fantastic.

  3. Malka, on Said:

    Here is recipe from Binah magazine:

    GF Challah

    4 oz yeast
    1 3/4 cups warm water
    2 tbsp sugar
    4 eggs
    1 cup oil
    1 cup rice or other milk
    6 cups oat flour
    1.5 tbsp xantham gum
    2 tsp salt
    1/2 cup sugar
    1/2 cup tapioca starch

    Oven set to 375

    In glass bowl place yeast and warm water and 2 tbsp sugar

    All wet ingredients in mixer except yeast mixture

    All dry ingredients in bowl

    Slowly add the dry into wet mixing and also adding yeast mix in.

    Once all in, mix on high for 10-15 min

    Scoop out the size you want into greased pans or muffin tins

    Let rise 1/2 hour

    Bake 35 minutes and remove from pan right away

  4. Malka, on Said:

    Two notes. If you want to wash on this bread use oat flour. The others don’t qualify for the brocho. Second, yes, GF challah can rise. I’ve done it for years from a recipe from binah magazine. It’s not the same as a gluten challah and you cannot knead it but it certainly does rise.

    • Lévana, on Said:

      Malka yes it does rise but considerably less than regular wheat challah. I must include this information so my readers know what to expect.

  5. Lévana, on Said:

    You are right, the fact that there is yeast suggests they might rise, but with the total absence of gluten they’re not rising anywhere. The inclusion of yeast still insures the fermented flavor we like in bread. I make pizza with this dough as well, and it’s delicious.

  6. Julie, on Said:

    Ahh I thought the yeast makes it rise! Then they came out perfect with rice flour and I used unsweetened almond milk :)
    I recommend this recipe!!! 3 of my friends tried it already

  7. Julie, on Said:

    So I made them; they are delicious but the dough didn’t rise that much – did I mess up or was it not meant to rise much?

  8. Julie, on Said:

    Can I substitute milk powder with liquid soy or rice milk for this recipe? maybe use less water and then use milk instead? if yes, how much?

    • Lévana, on Said:

      Yes, sounds good. Do not exceed the amount of liquid given, and use milk and water in any combination, even all milk